Bad air and inadequate data prove an unhealthy mix

By |2018-09-25T01:35:08+00:00September 25th, 2018|

Kira Hinslea wanted to play outside, but she knew she couldn’t until her mom checked an air-quality app on her phone. “Is it OK?” the 6-year-old eagerly asked her mother, Shirley Hinslea, one day late last month. Hinslea gave Kira the green light, and the child beamed with excitement. “Yes! Yes! Yes!” she yelled, sprinting [...]

Op-ed: Firehouse contaminants are part of firefighters’ cancer story

By |2018-09-25T01:35:01+00:00September 25th, 2018|

Firefighters’ strikingly high cancer rates may be partly due to exposures to contaminants in firehouses, says Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health researcher Emily Sparer. In a September 13, 2018 commentary for WBUR’s “Cognoscenti,” Sparer, a research associate in the Healthy Buildings program in the Department of Environmental Health, wrote that firefighters can be exposed to contaminants from the truck [...]

Merck’s ILÚM Health Solutions Will Invest up to $48 Million and Create up to 115 New Jobs Over Five Years New Partnership to Develop State-of-the-Art Research Program and Platform to Detect, Treat and Prevent the Spread of Infectious Disease

By |2018-09-25T01:34:57+00:00September 25th, 2018|

Governor Cuomo today announced a groundbreaking partnership between ILÚM Health Solutions, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Merck & Co, OpGen, and the New York State Department of Health to develop a state-of-the-art research program to detect, track and manage antimicrobial-resistant infections at healthcare institutions statewide. ILÚM will partner with the Wadsworth Center and DOH to develop an Infectious Disease Digital [...]

Improving Prediction of Risk of Hospital Admission in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Application of Machine Learning to Telemonitoring Data

By |2018-09-25T01:08:06+00:00September 25th, 2018|

ABSTRACT Background: Telemonitoring of symptoms and physiological signs has been suggested as a means of early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, with a view to instituting timely treatment. However, algorithms to identify exacerbations result in frequent false-positive results and increased workload. Machine learning, when applied to predictive modelling, can determine patterns of risk [...]

Harvard’s ‘Outbreak Week’ marks centennial of 1918 flu pandemic

By |2018-09-25T01:02:18+00:00September 25th, 2018|

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Harvard University will be honoring the centennial of the 1918 influenza pandemic with a series of events on disease outbreak. The school’s Global Health Institute is hosting ‘‘Outbreak Week’’ starting Monday, featuring public lectures and discussions with prominent scholars and scientists. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious [...]

Study shows surprise low-level ozone impact on asthma patients

By |2018-09-25T01:02:15+00:00September 25th, 2018|

A new study led by UNC School of Medicine researchers indicates that ozone has a greater impact on asthma patients than previously thought. The study, published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, recruited 23 African American youth ages 12-17 with persistent asthma from the Allergy/Immunology and Pediatric Pulmonary clinics in Raleigh, NC. African American [...]

China says new African swine fever outbreak reported in Inner Mongolia

By |2018-09-25T00:44:21+00:00September 25th, 2018|

BEIJING (Reuters) – China said on Monday it has confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of northern China, as authorities struggle to contain the highly contagious disease. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said a slaughterhouse in the city of Hohhot reported the outbreak, adding that [...]

Maternal gut and breast milk microbiota affectinfant gut antibiotic resistome and mobile geneticelements

By |2018-09-25T00:21:23+00:00September 25th, 2018|

The infant gut microbiota has a high abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) compared to adults, even in the absence of antibiotic exposure. Here we study potential sources of infant gut ARGs by performing metagenomic sequencing of breast milk, as well as infant and maternal gut microbiomes. We find that fecal ARG and mobile genetic element (MGE) profiles of infants [...]

The War On Drugs — In Your Bacon

By |2018-09-25T00:14:41+00:00September 25th, 2018|

Factory farming risks pushing us into a post-antibiotic world, but consumers are demanding change. Kate Morgan had not intended to get involved in her family’s pig farm in Yorkshire in the northeast of England. But, returning home after growing bored of her office job, the 34-year-old became determined to help seek new opportunities for the [...]

Filthy air is a global disgrace

By |2018-09-24T23:49:55+00:00September 24th, 2018|

Science can help to tackle air pollution with better models for monitoring and exposure. Air pollution was once celebrated. Industrialists in Victorian Britain would point to the smoky streets of the Industrial Revolution and see only the signs of wealth and progress. Alerted in the 1960s to the stink of an Alabama paper mill some [...]