Melioidosis in Africa: Time to Uncover the True Disease Load

By |2018-07-17T02:20:53+00:00July 17th, 2018|

Abstract Melioidosis is an often fatal infectious disease with a protean clinical spectrum, caused by the environmental bacterial pathogen Burkholderia pseudomallei. Although the disease has been reported from some African countries in the past, the present epidemiology of melioidosis in Africa is almost entirely unknown. Therefore, the common view that melioidosis is rare in Africa is [...]

THE STRANGE AND CURIOUS CASE OF THE DEADLY SUPERBUG YEAST

By |2018-07-17T01:38:04+00:00July 17th, 2018|

A PATHOGEN THAT resists almost all of the drugs developed to treat or kill it is moving rapidly across the world, and public health experts are stymied how to stop it. By now, that’s a familiar scenario, the central narrative in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. But this particular pathogen isn’t a bacterium. It’s a yeast, a new [...]

Emerging sex disease MG ‘could become next superbug’

By |2018-07-17T01:32:30+00:00July 17th, 2018|

A little known sexually transmitted infection could become the next superbug unless people become more vigilant, experts are warning. Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) often has no symptoms but can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can leave some women infertile. MG can be missed – and if it is not treated correctly, it can develop resistance to antibiotics. [...]

PTSD raises heart and stroke risk in World Trade Center cleanup crews

By |2018-07-17T01:20:25+00:00July 17th, 2018|

(Reuters Health) – More than 16 years after cleanup was completed at the site of the September 11, 2001 attack on New York City’s World Trade Center complex, many who worked at the disaster site still struggle with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may also have an elevated risk of heart attack and stroke as [...]

What is gene editing and how does it work?

By |2018-07-17T01:14:19+00:00July 17th, 2018|

Gene editing allows scientists to change gene sequences by adding, replacing or removing sections of DNA. This animation explains how this technology works, as well as its possible ethical and societal implications. Produced by the Royal Society in conjunction with Wellcome Trust. Source

How diseases can be targeted using nanotechnology – and why it’s difficult

By |2018-07-17T01:00:42+00:00July 17th, 2018|

Scientists are designing materials that are a thousand times smaller than the width of a hair. Known as nanomaterials or nanoparticles, some could help treat diseases. However, the engineering of particles for biomedical applications remains challenging, particularly when moving from the test tube to biological environments. Read more: Skin patches instead of needles: can nanotechnology vaccinate [...]

New Weapons Against Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

By |2018-07-17T00:59:58+00:00July 17th, 2018|

What if we’ve been breeding superbugs by taking the full course of each prescription? It’s frustrating enough when progress in medicine plods along slowly, but downright alarming when it starts to backslide. Bacterial infections were considered essentially conquered in the 20th century, and now resistant strains are projected to kill more people than cancer by 2050. While some [...]

Why improving housing leads to fewer hospital admissions

By |2018-07-17T00:32:23+00:00July 17th, 2018|

The poor state of Britain’s homes can be a health hazard, with four in 10 not meeting basic wellbeing criteria. New research has uncovered how home improvements have real health benefits Britain has a housing crisis, not just in terms of a shortage of homes and sky-high prices, but in terms of the poor state of existing homes. [...]

Lung Cancer or Metastasis to Lung?

By |2018-07-17T00:31:51+00:00July 17th, 2018|

How to tell the difference In this video, Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, MD, staff pathologist in the Department of Anatomic Pathology, presents a case of a patient with past history of endometrial adenocarcinoma as well as smoking. The case allows Dr. Mukhopadhyay to illustrate the differences in primary lung carcinoma and metastatic carcinoma to the lungs. Source  

Allergy potential of strawberries and tomatoes depends on the variety

By |2018-07-17T00:31:51+00:00July 17th, 2018|

The incidence of food allergies has increased in recent decades: It affects three to four percent of the adult population and five percent of children. Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) and strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa) can cause allergic reactions due to the presence of various allergenic proteins. Of particular note are proteins that resemble the primary allergen [...]